Q: What is a Handball?
A: Whether you are a player, a coach, a fan, or even a referee… hand balls seem to be the most misunderstood call in the game today. From week to week, and game to game, there doesn't seem to be consistency in how this Law is interpreted. Let me see if I can shed some light on the Hand Ball!
Here’s what the Law says :
Handling the ball involves a deliberate act of a player making contact with the ball with his hand or arm. The referee must take the following into consideration:
* The movement of the hand towards the ball (not the ball towards the hand)
* The distance between the opponent and the ball (unexpected)
* The position of the hand does not necessarily mean that there is an infringement
Practically this is interpreted in this way:
* In order for a hand ball to be called the referee must determine that the player “deliberately” played the ball with her hand or arm. A ball that bounces up and hits a player in the hand while they are running and their hands are in a “natural” position, should not be called.
* If a ball is kicked from a short distance with good speed, and a player does not have time to move their hand out of the way, should not be judged as hand ball. (if the arm is in a natural position)
* If a player puts their arms out from their body, in an attempt to make themselves wider or taller, they should be called for hand ball as this is judged to be a deliberate act.
* The phrase “gaining an advantage” should NEVER be considered when determining if a hand ball was deliberate or not. If a ball accidentally bounces up and hits a player in the hand, and the hand is in a natural position, it does not matter where the ball ends up… even if it drops right to her feet.
* If a player moves her hands up to block her face from the ball and the ball strikes her hand/arm, this can be judged as a deliberate act as she should have had time to turn her head if she had time to raise her arms.
In a perfect world, referees would all make this call the same way, thus removing the confusion and contradictory way in which we view the hand ball. Unfortunately, this is not, and probably will never be the case. The Hand Ball Law is the only law where referees must judge the “intent” of the player, rather than the “action," this in itself creates a huge grey area that is difficult to remove.